Bagan is an ancient area and major tourist drawcard of Burma that formed the Kingdom of Pagan and dates around the 9th – 13th Centuries. It is located not far from Mandalay, and will take you around 6 hours in private taxi or an hour on a plane. During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.
There’s plenty of reasonably priced hotels in the area and there is various travel options to see the temples and plains; balloon ride, bicycle, walking or even horse and cart. The plains are littered with various pagadas and ruins, many of which are just left in fields and by the roads in various states of repair or disrepair.
Here’s a website that explains many of the pagodas. http://www.ancientbagan.com/ananda-temple.htm
*Is it Myanmar or is it Burma ? The military junta says Myanmar, but Ann San Suu Kyi says Burma.